Questions and Answers Document

This document attempts to provide responses to questions regarding the housing recovery and reconstruction. The responses provided have been gathered from relevant Government of Nepal (GoN) bodies, and have been formally and informally sourced. The information provided is not official, but is correct at time of publication and will be regularly updated. The HRRP‘Briefing Pack’ compiles many of the source documents referred to in the Q&A. Questions for inclusion in future versions of this document can be shared via info@hrrpnepal.org or through the relevant HRRP District Coordination Team. The questions and answers are currently grouped under four topics, Programme Setup, GoN Housing Grant, Housing Standards, and FAQs from Households / Communities.
  • Q: Which GoN body is responsible for the housing reconstruction programme?
    15 April, 2017

    The National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) formed after the earthquake is the apex agency for reconstruction activities. For the housing reconstruction, the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD), through its Central Level Programme Implementation Unit (CL-PIU) and District Level Programme Implementation Units (DL-PIUs), holds primary responsibility for the disbursement of the housing grant. The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD), through its Central Level Programme Implementation Unit (CL-PIU) and District Level Programme Implementation Units (DL-PIUs), and the Department of Urban Development and Building Construction (DUDBC) have primary responsibility for the technical standards and staffing that will govern the reconstruction. The Post Disaster Recovery Framework (PDRF) is the guiding document for the overall recovery and reconstruction and “encapsulates the policy and institutional frameworks for recovery and reconstruction, as well as outlining implementation arrangements, projected financial requirements and immediate next steps necessary to ensure implementation of recovery and reconstruction activities”. The Programme Overview and Operations Manual Summary for the Rural Housing Reconstruction Programme provides a useful summary of the roles and responsibilities of the various actors involved in the housing recovery.

  • Q: Does the GoN have a reconstruction policy? Which GoN guidelines regarding the housing reconstruction are available and where can they be found?
    15 April, 2017

    The HRRP briefing pack provides a summary of all the relevant guidelines and policies related to the housing reconstruction, along with links to access all the documents. 

  • Q: What is the process for a PO to have an MoU in place with the GoN for the implementation of housing programmes?
    15 April, 2017

    The NRA guidelines for the mobilisation of NGOs for reconstruction and rehabilitation, define the process for POs to get approval from the NRA for support to the reconstruction. International NGOs must submit an application to the NRA at central level and local NGOs must submit an application to the NRA at the central or district level. POs should provide confirmation of funding before they apply for approval.

  • Q: Is there an NRA reporting template for POs to report their reconstruction activities?
    15 April, 2017

    Annex 3 of the NRA’s NGO Mobilisation Guidelines provides a format for POs to submit monthly progress reports. The NRA is also developing a Reporting Platform for POs, with support from the HRRP. This reporting platform is intended to harmonise the monthly reporting requirements of the Partner Organisations. It will also assimilate the HRRP 4W reporting tool in its framework. However, it may take some time for this system to be fully functional and during this transition period the HRRP 4W will continue to collect data on PO activities in the housing sector.

  • Q: When will the NRA have a presence in all of the 14 most affected districts?
    15 April, 2017

    The NRA has already established offices or has official presence in 9 districts: Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Dolakha, Kavre, Rasuwa, Ramechhap, Sindhupalchok, Gorkha while offices in Bhaktapur, Sindhuli, Makwanpur, Okhaldhunga and Dhading are expected to be established soon. 

  • Q: How do POs find information regarding the other 17 districts affected by the earthquake? What are the housing recovery and reconstruction needs there? When will the NRA have a presence in these districts?
    15 April, 2017

    As of 21st April 2017, 91,677 households across the 31 districts have been identified as eligible for the 300,000 NPRs grant. This is expected to increase as the CBS survey data is processed. Information on the 17 districts is available from NRA, MoUD CL-PIU, and MoFALD CL-PIU.   

  • Q: Which GoN ministry / department is responsible for carrying out multi hazard risk assessments? How can communities find out if their land is at risk?
    15 April, 2017

    In the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, roughly 500 settlements in 11 districts were identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs as being at risk. A rapid geological assessment was undertaken by the Department of Mines and Geology (DMG) at 117 critical locations in the second half of 2015. The NRA has now developed a methodology and initiated a programme to undertake a geo-hazard assessment of the remaining affected settlements. The programme is funded by DFID UK Aid and UNOPS is providing technical and logistical support to the NRA. The output will be used by the NRA and other government agencies to make decisions on the requirement for permanent relocation of settlements and assessing the feasibility of initiating remedial works and/or risk management measures. The scope currently includes settlements in Gorkha, Rasuwa, Dhading, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchowk, Dolakha, Okhaldhunga, Ramechhap, Kavrepalanchowk, Makwanpur, and Solukhumbu. Around 50 consultant geologists, soil conservation & watershed management experts and water induced disaster management experts have been recruited to undertake the first phase of assessments in Gorkha, Rasuwa, Dhading, Nuwakot, Sindhupalchowk, Dolakha, Ramechhap and Solukhumbu. Training on the assessment methodology was provided to the consultants between 11 and 21 December 2016. The teams have already made the assessments of remaining locations and are preparing the report. If you feel that your land is vulnerable to landslide you should contact your local or district authorities, or the NRA district office for information on the geo-hazard assessment in your area before starting construction. 

  • Q: Will winterisation support be available to households whilst the reconstruction is ongoing?
    15 April, 2017

    The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) / National Emergency Operations Centre (NEOC) have nominated the District Lead Support Agencies (DLSAs) to coordinate winterisation efforts at district level. POs are also requested to report any shelter winterisation activities to the Shelter Cluster Nepal (Deepika.BHARDWAJ@ifrc.org). In 2015, the Shelter Cluster developed winterisation guidance and a recommended package of assistance for winterisation support. This guidance is available on the Shelter Cluster website here.

  • Q: The GoN housing grant has recently been increased from 200,000 NPRs to 300,000 NPRs. Where POs have committed to provide the housing grant, who will provide the additional 100,000 NPRs?
    15 April, 2017

    The increase in the housing grant was decided at the 7th meeting of the NRA Steering Committee in July 2016. The NRA have informed that where POs have signed an agreement with the NRA to provide the housing grant in their working area to the value of 200,000 NPRs, the PO is recommended to reallocate resources to fulfil the additional funds. If the PO is unable to provide the additional 100,000 NPRs they can reduce the number of households they provide the grant to, in coordination with the GoN. In this case, the GoN will be responsible for providing the additional funds to the other households. In cases where POs have already made the first tranche payment to all their original number of households, but do not have funds to cover the additional 100,000 NPRs the GoN will cover the third tranche. The Grant Disbursement Guidelines have been updated to reflect the increased grant amount, and to include provision for the 100,000 NPRs retrofitting grant and are available in Nepali and English (unofficial translation). Partner Organisations (POs) are urged not to invest in the housing reconstruction grant, and where programmes already include this the NRA will facilitate programme amendment to reinvest these resources in technical assistance.

  • Q: Will the GoN provide a grant for retrofitting? What grades of damage will the subsidy be applied to? How will retrofits be assessed? Can HHs retrofit a grade 4 and 5 damage house?
    15 April, 2017

    A retrofitting grant will be made available to households deemed eligible based on the results of the damage survey. The Grant Disbursement Guidelines have been updated to reflect the increased grant amount, and to include provision for the 100,000 NPRs retrofitting grant and are available in Nepali and English (unofficial translation). The MoUD CL-PIU / DUDBC have released retrofitting guidelines which provide technical guidance for designing and implementing retrofitting solutions and are available here