Questions and Answers DocumentThe Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) compiled in this document have been submitted through partners and communities across the earthquake affected areas. Additional questions for inclusion can be shared via email@example.com or through the relevant HRRP District Coordination Team. The responses provided have been gathered from relevant Government of Nepal (GoN) bodies, and have been formally and informally sourced. The information provided is not official, but is correct at time of publication and will be regularly updated as required. The HRRP ‘Briefing P ack’ compiles many of the source documents referred to in the FAQs.
The National Reconstruction Authority (NRA) has overall responsibility for the post-earthquake reconstruction across all sectors, including for housing. The Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MoFALD) Central Level Programme Implementation Unit (CLPIU) and District Level Programme Implementation Units (DLPIUs) are responsible for disbursement of the housing reconstruction grant. The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) CLPIU and DLPIUs are responsible for the technical standards and staffing.
The HRRP briefing pack provides a summary of relevant guidelines and policies related to the housing reconstruction, along with links to access all the documents.
The NRA NGO Mobilisation Guidelines define the approval process. International NGOs must apply to the NRA at central level. Local NGOs may apply to the NRA at the central or district level.
The housing reconstruction programme is owner driven and POs and as per the NRA NGO Mobilisation Guidelines, and the principles set out in the PDNA and PDRF POs should not directly construct households but should instead support provision of socio-technical assistance to complement the GoN housing reconstruction grant and support households through the reconstruction process (both technically and in terms of social mobilization / protection).
The format is provided in annex 3 of the NRA’s NGO Mobilisation Guidelines. The NRA 5W system is gradually being implemented. Once it is fully functional this will be the only reporting requirement for POs. The user manual for the reporting portal provides full details on how to use this system and POs can contact Keshab Shrestha (firstname.lastname@example.org) if further information is required.
The MoFALD enrolment data, which is updated regularly, provides details of the number of eligible households for all 31 districts (14 most affected + 17 moderately affected). The data can be accessed through the NRA website here, by selecting the ‘Latest Update (MoFALD CLPIU)’ tab.
The NRA does not currently have a permanent presence in the 17 moderately affected districts as the mode of implementation for the recovery and reconstruction in these districts has yet to be defined. DUDBC have division offices covering these districts.
The Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA) / National Emergency Operations Centre (NEOC) will coordinate responses at national level with support from the clusters and the UN Resident Coordinator’s Office. The clusters and District Lead Support Agencies (DLSAs) will support coordination of winter / flood responses at district level. POs are requested to report any shelter winterisation / flood response activities to the Shelter Cluster Nepal (Deepika.BHARDWAJ@ifrc.org)
Partner Organisations (POs) have been requested to support with implementation of socio-technical assistance to complement the GoN housing reconstruction grant. The NRA and HRRP have defined a core package of socio-technical assistance to be delivered in all earthquake affected communities and involving 7 activities; community / household orientations, door to door technical assistance, short training for existing masons, vocational training for new masons, demonstration construction, helpdesk / technical resource centre, and support to community reconstruction committees. More details on how these can be implemented are available in the description of the core socio-technical assistance package.
The helpdesks / technical resource centres are intended to provide a fixed point / mobile hub where households can come and ask questions, collect information materials, get support with preparation of house design and approval, and from where follow up house to house visits can be conducted as required. The helpdesks / technical resource centres also play an important role in providing backstopping for door to door technical assistance teams. More details are available in the description of the core socio-technical assistance package
- Which GoN body is responsible for the housing reconstruction programme?
- Does the GoN have a reconstruction policy? Which GoN guidelines regarding the housing reconstruction are available and where can they be found?
- How should Partner Organisations (POs) secure GoN approval for housing reconstruction programmes?
- If a Partner Organisation (PO) wants to construct houses, can they?
- Is there an NRA reporting template for POs to report their reconstruction activities?
- What are the housing recovery and reconstruction needs in the 17 moderately affected districts?
- Does the NRA have a presence in the 17 moderately affected districts?
- How will winterisation / flood response be managed in areas where the reconstruction is ongoing?
- The Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) calls for “a cascading socio-technical facilitation mechanism for recovery support at the national, district and local level”, which when combined with the financial grant from the GoN will “empower households to lead their own recovery efforts” in compliance with “safe construction standards”. How should this be implemented?
- How will reconstruction ‘helpdesks / technical resource centres’ operate? Where will the centres be located?